An arthroscopic meniscectomy is a surgical procedure to cut out part or all of the knee meniscus via keyhole surgery. Each knee has two crescentic menisci (plural) which sit in the gap between the long bones of the knee and act as shock absorbers. The meniscus may be injured and tear, and cause symptoms. The surgeon may consider that the torn fragment should be removed via keyhole surgery – partial arthroscopic meniscectomy. Rarely the whole meniscus is removed – total arthroscopic meniscectomy. However these days knee surgeons do their best to preserve as much as possible of the meniscus, using meniscal repair techniques such as suturing (sewing).
Normal meniscus and types of meniscus tears
Arthroscopic Partial Meniscectomy
The meniscus is important to the structure of the knee joint providing support and uniformly distributing the load across the knee joint. Meniscus can get torn even with simple bending and twisting impact on your knee joint. We at Knee Hip & Shoulder Clinic provide most advanced treatment based on internationally established guidelines. Preservation of meniscus is our goal but in some cases, a torn meniscus cannot be repaired. In such cases, we remove the non-reparable portion of meniscus and preserve the rest of the meniscus for the proper functioning of the knee joint. This partial excision of the meniscus is termed as a partial meniscectomy.
In most cases, meniscus injury is associated with injury to other structures of the knee joint which includes concomitant injury to ligament and cartilage. We at Knee Hip & Shoulder Clinic manage all injuries in one sitting in most of the cases. This helps in early rehabilitation and minimizes disability arising from delayed multiple procedures.